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Different Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

doctor removing the patient's bandage on his head A traumatic brain injury is usually a result of some type of outside force. It is common in many incidents, including slips and falls, car collisions, and workplace accidents. It can be an open or closed injury. You may not even know you have it if it is a closed injury.

However, it can have serious effects, as your Los Angeles brain injury attorney and a doctor would know and explain to you.


Most people are familiar with a concussion. It is the most common brain injury in an accident. It happens when you hit your head hard on a solid object. You may pass out immediately or later. Other symptoms include dizziness and confusion. A mild concussion will go away in a short time. A serious one can do permanent damage if not treated properly. If you hit your head in an accident, it is better to consult a doctor at once.


This also results from a blow to the head. The difference is a contusion means there is bleeding around the brain. This is not good, because the blood can put pressure on the brain. In most cases, you need surgery to remove it. In some cases, you can have two contusions. One is at the site of direct impact and another is on the opposite side where your brain slammed after impact. The medical term for this is a coup-countercoup contusion. Contusions usually appear a few hours or a day after the accident.

Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI)

This is when the injury to the brain is over a wide area. It usually happens when the brain gets a severe shaking, such as in shaken baby syndrome. This can cause a breakdown in the way parts of the brain communicates. You can experience a wide variety of symptoms, such as losing your sense of smell, feelings of numbness, and forgetfulness. DAI is hard to diagnose, but it can lead to permanent brain damage or even death.

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Traumatic brain injury is serious and you should not try to walk it off. If you sustained it because someone was negligent, you need to get in touch with a lawyer as soon as possible. You will need all the help you can get.